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12. What does Phytophthora infestans (late blight) mean in Tomten?

TheLate blight, translated from LatinPhytophthora infestans, is afungal disease, which particularly affects tomato and potato plants. This harmful fungus, which belongs to the egg mushroom species, has proven to be one of the most feared pathogens in agriculture.

The term "late blight" describes the effects of the fungal attack on both types of plants: in potatoes, the infection leads to rapid decomposition of the tubers, while in tomatoes the disease affects the herbaceous foliage and fruits.

Phytophthora infestans spreads preferentially under damp conditions Conditionsand inwarm environments out of. The fungal spores thrive in a high humidity environment and spread quickly, causing devastating damage to plants.

The typical signs of infestation are dark, moist spots on the leaves of the plants. This leads to wilting of leaves and decomposition of plant parts. The disease can spread quickly and, in the worst case, lead to the complete destruction of the plants.

To minimize the spread of Phytophthora infestans, preventative measures are important. This includes growing resistant varieties, good ventilation, appropriate planting spacing, and early removal and proper disposal of infected plants.

Combating this fungal disease is a challenge, but through a combination of various preventive measures and, if necessary, the use of biological preparations, attempts can be made to minimize the effects of late blight and reduce crop losses.

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